2. The Oxford companion to the mind →
This dictionary approach to the human mind comprises definitions and discussions by over 100 authorities and scholars. Richard L. Gregory, the author, was a British psychologist and Professor of Neuropsychology at the University of Bristol. Gregory's main contribution to the discipline was in the development of cognitive psychology, in particular that of "Perception as hypotheses", an approach which had its origin in the work of Hermann von Helmholtz (1821–1894) and his student Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920). Helmholtz and Wundt laid the basis of investigating how the senses work, especially sight and hearing.
According to Gregory, Helmholtz should take the credit for realising that perception is not just a passive acceptance of stimuli, but an active process involving memory and other internal processes.